What are the criteria for obtaining a bank loan?

Are you considering taking out a bank loan but unsure whether you meet the necessary conditions? Banks perform customer risk analyses to determine loan approvals, with each institution setting its unique criteria. In this article, we'll explore the most common factors that influence loan approval.

What are the criteria for obtaining a bank loan?

Fixed and Regular Income

For individuals seeking loans, having a steady and reliable income is crucial. Banking establishments value seniority, which may be significant for the self-employed, business leaders, and professionals. Generally, fixed-term contracts, temporary employment, or internships are less favored.

Maintaining a Low Debt Ratio

Your debt ratio is a vital factor considered by banks. It is the ratio between your net household income and your total monthly loan payments. Here's the formula: Debt Ratio = (Total Monthly Payments X 100) / Net Salary. In France, the standard maximum debt ratio is 33%. In our example, total monthly loan payments should not exceed €500/month. Occasionally, a higher debt ratio may be acceptable, depending on your disposable income.

Ensuring Adequate Remaining Income

The remainder to live is what's left after deducting fixed monthly expenses and credit payments. Banks may have different methods of calculation, but a common one is: Remaining to Live = Total Resources (Salaries, Pensions, 70% of Property Income) - Total Fixed Charges (Rent, Taxes, Alimony) - Total Credits. Banks highly regard this figure. For reference, a single person's minimum living allowance is €750, €900 for a childless couple, with an additional €150 per child.

Age Matters

While it's possible to secure a loan beyond the age of 65, the conditions become more stringent, often leading to higher insurance costs. Additionally, individuals under the age of 25 may face difficulties in obtaining credit, even for consumer loans.

Personal Contribution

While not always mandatory, some loans may require a personal contribution, often around 10% for mortgages. The more substantial your remaining income, the higher the likelihood of obtaining a loan without a contribution.

Maintaining a Healthy Financial Status

Banks typically avoid granting credit to individuals with a history of financial issues. They routinely check the Banque de France to ensure no ongoing financial problems. Different types of filings, such as the FICP (national file of credit repayment incidents) or the FCC (central check file), can result in a loan refusal.

How to Secure Financing

To increase your chances of obtaining a loan, consider approaching multiple banks and comparing their offers. Alternatively, you can seek assistance from a credit broker who can present you with the best options based on your specific needs.

What If Your Bank Loan Application Is Rejected?

In the event of a bank loan refusal, there are alternative financing solutions available:

  • Loans Between Individuals: Regulated by law, this can be a viable option.
  • Crowdfunding: Various crowdfunding platforms now allow you to propose different types of projects.
  • Microcredit: This option, suitable for sums between €300 and €5,000, aims to help individuals in challenging financial situations.
  • Real Estate Portage: This innovative financing solution enables property owners, both individuals and professionals, to unlock cash from their real estate assets while retaining ownership.

Real Estate Portage's key criteria include the amount of need (up to 65% of the property's value), the property's condition (e.g., main residence, rented property), and its location within an active real estate market.

The primary goal of Real Estate Portage is to empower individuals, including entrepreneurs, traders, craftsmen, and retirees, to access financing by leveraging the liquidity of their assets.

In conclusion, securing a bank loan involves meeting specific criteria. However, in cases of rejection, alternative financing solutions are available to help you achieve your financial goals.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I get a bank loan without a fixed and regular income?

While it's challenging, some banks may consider other factors in such cases. However, having a stable income significantly increases your chances of approval.

What is the importance of a low debt ratio when applying for a loan?

A low debt ratio indicates that you have more disposable income to meet your loan obligations, making you a less risky borrower.

How can I improve my chances of getting a loan if I have a history of financial issues?

It's essential to work on improving your financial status over time. Clear any outstanding issues, manage your debt responsibly, and maintain a healthy credit history.

Is a personal contribution always required for mortgage loans?

While it's often requested, you may find lenders who are willing to offer mortgage loans without a personal contribution, especially if you meet other criteria.

What are the advantages of Real Estate Portage as a financing solution?

Real Estate Portage allows property owners to access cash without selling their assets, providing a flexible and innovative way to secure financing.

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